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Holocaust - Timeline 1941


Star of David and a public sign  "Jews not allowed"

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946


January 01-01
10-01
11-01
14-01
26-01

Stalin decrees total mobilization of the Russian military forces.
The Russian-German treaty is adjusted.
Princess Irene Brigade is established.
It is mandatory for Jews to register as of this date with the Town Registrar.
Dutch churches state it's forbidden to be a member of the Dutch nazi party, NSB.

February 01-02
02-02
05-02
05-02
05-02
13-02
15-02
17-02
17-02
22-02
23-02
24-02
24-02
25-02

26-02
26-02
28-02

Start of razzia's, raids, in the Jewish area in Amsterdam.
Dutch governement states that damages due to resistance will be compensated.
Members of the medical profession must sign a declaration of Aryan purity.
Jewish doctors dismissed from non-Jewish health-organizations. (Decree from 04-11-1940).
The Nazis form a Judenrat-Jewish council for the city of Amsterdam.
NSB men Koot is killed during clashes with young Jewish men and other civilians.
Officers from the former Dutch military forces are forced to register.
Metal workers on strike as a result of the Geman treatment of Dutch Jews.
Razzia's - Raids carried out among the Jews in of Amsterdam.
Razzia's - Raids carried out among the Jews in of Amsterdam.
Trail against the resistance group "De Geuzen" in the Hague. First trail against Dutch resistance.
Start of a two day strike, Februaristaking, in Amsterdam and other cities in the province Noord-Holland, to protest against the raids and brutal treatment of Jews.
Second day of the strike, Germans hesitate and don't seem to know how to react.
Later that afternoon martial law was imposed as a result of the "Februaristaking".
Mandatory labour imposed for all men in the province Noord-Holland.

March 03-03
04-03
07-03
11-03
12-03
12-03
12-03
13-03
13-03
14-03
14-03
31-03
First volunteer labour service camp is established.
Verdicts in the "Geuzen trail" that started on 24-02. 18 death sentences delivered.
First arrest in the O.D. trail.
"Lend-Lease Act"
Seyss-Inquart delivers a speech on the future of the Netherlands in the "Concertgebouw" in the Hague.
Jewish businesses receive order to bring a German representative on staff.
Execution of the 15 members of the "Geuzen" resistance group and 3 others on the Waalsdorpervlakte.
Jews must remain employed in bussinesses working for the military ontill they can be replaced.
A Nazi operated German central office for Jewish emigration is established.
April 07-04
11-04
13-04
21-04
29-04
30-04
30-04
Start  trail against resistance group Van Hamel.
'The Jewish Weekly' appears under the auspices of the Nazis.
Russia and Japan sign a non aggression pact.
Milk distribution started.

Distribution of potatoes started.
Sale of photo's, pictures and other objects with the image of members of the Royal Family is prohibited.
May 01-05
01-05
01-05
10-05
01-05
26-05
26-05
37 regional employment offices started work. Germans controlled Dutch unemployed.
Limitations are set for employment and Jews must surrender all radios.
Hess, Hitler's second in command, lands in Scotland after his mysterious departure from Germany and is arrested.
Mandatory labour service for boys and girls.
German war ships sail into US territorial waters.
June 02-06
04-06
04-06
11-06
18-06
22-06
28-06
28-06

Hitler and Mussolini meet on the Brenner.
Emperror Wilhelm II of Germany dies in Doorn.
Restrictions are placed on the Jews regarding their freedom to move about.
More razzia's - raids were carried out among the Jews in of Amsterdam.
All copper, nickel, lead and tin is confiscated.
Germans invade Russia.
All statues, photographs and other images of members of the Royal Family are to be removed from public buildings.

July 01-07
03-07
05-07
10-07
11-07
24-07
24-07
24-07
28-07

90 leading Dutch politicians of the `Anti Revolutionaire Partij` taken hostage.
ID cards of Jews marked with the letter J.
All political parties are banned.
Dutch Volunteers Legion established to fight Bolsjewism.
 
Large scale arrests of Jews in Amsterdam.
Dutch resistance warns general Christiansen not to install a N.S.B., Dutch nazi, governement, such an
act would lead to strikes which would only end if such a government stepped down.
First Dutch volunteers leave for the Eastern front.

August 01-08
07-08
08-08
12-08
12-08
12-08
14-08
24-08
US-Russian treaty is signed.
Illegal Dutch radio station is in the air.
Restrictions imposed on the Jews regarding financial and property matters.
Notice to all city councils, as of 01/09/1941 the mayor will be highest local authority.
Courts are re-organized.
Roosevelt and Churcill prepare the Atlantic Charter.
The doctors resistance is founded by dr. J.J. Brutel and two other doctors.
September 01-09
01-09
15-09
15-09
28-09

Jewish children barred from public schools must attend Jewish schools.
City councils forced to stop their work.
Signs reading "Forbidden for Jews" appear in all public places.
As of this date all Jewish property has to registered.
Conference in Moskow. Great Britain and the US promiss full support to Russia.

October  01-10
04-10
07-10
08-10
10-10
13-10
13-10
17-10
28-10
28-10

Jews are banned from public places.
Hitler´s speech, Russia is beaten.
Razzia's - Raids to round up Jews of Arnhem, Apeldoorn, and Zwolle.
Razzia's - Raids to round up Jews of Arnhem, Apeldoorn, and Zwolle.
Mayor of Rotterdam is dismissed of his duties and replaced by a NSB mayor.
General Berenschot, commander of the Dutch army in Indonesia dies in a plane crash and is replaced by General ter Poorten.
Death pentalty for saboteurs is decreed.
Highest civilian authority, secretary generals Frederiks, Hirschfeld en Schrieke warn Dutch people death penalty will be imposed on any act of sabotage.

November  01-11
03-11
07-11
07-11
10-11
16-11
21-11
26-11
26-11
Jews are barred from holding membership in non-Jewish organizations.
The Nazis establish a Jewish market place in Amsterdam strictly for Jews.
Jews must obtain a permit to travel or move.
Jews are barred from holding membership from dance clubs, bridge clubs etc.
Churchill warns Japan it will declare war in case of a Japanese attack on the US.
First concert organized by the Van Leer Foundation, for Jews performed by Jews.
Jews forbidden to visit non-Jewish hotels, theaters, swimmingpools etc.
Artists of all kind compelled to become a member of the `Kultuurkamer` in order to be able to find employement.
December 05-12
05-12
07-12
08-12
08-12
08-12
10-12
10-12
11-12
12-12
14-12
14-12
16-12
17-12
17-12
19-12
21-12
27-12

4.300 Dutch doctors sign a petition against the ´Artsenkamer`, an organization they´re compelled to join in order to be able to work.
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.
Japan declares war on the US and Great Britain, Dutch government declares war on Japan, all leaves of the Dutch army in Indonesia are cancelled, China declares war on Japan and Germany.
Dutch nazi party N.S.B. is the only political party tolerated by the Germans.
Nederlandsche Unie - Dutch Union - is forbidden.
Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
Mussert, leader of the Dutch nazi party N.S.B. pledges loyalty to Hitler in Berlin.
Dutch Labour Service - Arbeidsdienst - is mandatory for all Dutch students.
Mussert commits his life to Hitler, the Netherlands are a part of the new order.
Dutch government declares war on Italy as of 11-12-1941.
Dutch reformed churches protest agianst the mandatory Labour Service - Arbeidsdienst.
Hitler declares himself the Supreme Commander of all German forces.
Mandatory organization for doctors - Artsenkamer - is installed and effective.
British attack on the Norwegian coast.